The Hero of Fort Sumter
(1805-1871) Graduated in the West Point class of 1825. He participated in the Black Hawk, Florida and Mexican Wars and was twice brevetted for gallantry. In November 1860, he was ordered to Charleston Harbor to command the three United States forts there; Castle Pickney, Fort Moultrie, and Fort Sumter, in the face of South Carolina's imminent secession. Anderson refused a formal demand for his surrender and in the early morning hours of April 12, 1861, Fort Sumter was bombarded, and the Civil War began. His small garrison withstood 36 hours under fire before being compelled to surrender. Anderson became a national hero for his gallant actions. He personally raised the U.S. flag over Fort Sumter on April 14, 1865, exactly four years after he had hauled it down.
Wet plate, albumen carte de visite photograph, mounted to 2 3/8 x 4 card. Bust view in uniform. There is a tiny chip out of the photographic paper at the upper right edge, well away from the subject. Backmark: R.A. Lewis, 152 Chatham Street, New York, with a 2 cents, George Washington, revenue tax stamp. Period ink inscription written on the reverse, "Major Anderson of Fort Sumter." Light age toning and wear.