Severely wounded at Edwards Ferry, Virginia, in October 1861
Died of pneumonia in 1862
(1821-62) A native of Salem, Mass., from a distinguished American pioneer family, he studied for a career in engineering and was engaged on the survey of the Northern Pacific route in 1853, and participated in five transcontinental surveys including the overland wagon road. At the outbreak of the Civil War, he was sent to Texas by the government on a secret mission to ascertain the extent of Union sentiment there. He later served under General George B. McClellan at the battles of Philippi, and Rich Mountain, in western Virginia, and was commissioned brigadier general of volunteers to rank from May 17, 1861, taking commanding of a brigade of General Charles P. Stone's division. The day after the battle of Ball's Bluff, Va., he was severely wounded in the leg in a skirmish at nearby Edwards Ferry, which he was holding with a company of sharpshooters. He was soon promoted to divisional command, and on January 5, 1862, successfully defended the town of Hancock, Md. against an assault by a superior Confederate force under the command of General Stonewall Jackson. His division then went into camp at Paw Paw, Va., on the upper Potomac, and on February 14, 1862, he led an attack on a rebel position in nearby Bloomery Gap. While preparing to move to the support of General N.P. Banks in the Shenandoah Valley, Lander was stricken with an attack of congestive chills and after more than 20 hours under morphine, died of complications from pneumonia on March 2, 1862, at Camp Chase, Paw Paw, Virginia (later West Virginia). General Lander received no response to his requests for relief from command due to his poor health for over two weeks. President Lincoln attended his funeral at the Church of the Epiphany in Washington. He is buried at the Broad Street Cemetery in Salem, Massachusetts. Lander married famous English-born stage actress, Jean Margaret Davenport, in San Francisco in October 1860. She served as a Union nurse during the Civil War.
Wet plate, albumen carte de visite photograph, mounted to 2 3/8 x 4 card. Standing view wearing a double breasted frock coat with epaulets and rank of brigadier general, as he strikes a Napoleonic pose, with one hand resting on top of a pair of books at his side. Back mark: E. Anthony, New York, From Photographic Negative in Brady's National Portrait Gallery. Has an oval sticker from McAllister & Brother, 128 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, who sold this image. Excellent.