This regiment was later changed from infantry to artillery and became the very hard fought 3rd Vermont Heavy Artillery who suffered heavy casualties during the Civil War!
7 x 2 1/2, imprinted form, filled out in ink.
This Order Is To Be Signed By A Member Of The Soldier's Family, And to be held by the Selectmen until called for. $7.00. Monkton, Oct. 27, 1863. Received of the selectmen of the town of Monkton, Vermont, Seven dollars, the same being one months "Extra Pay," due to Julius Stilson, a soldier now in the service of the United States in Company B, of 11 Regiment Vermont Volunteers. Signed by Mary E. Stilson, probably the soldier's wife. Staining and light wear.
Julius Stilson, a resident of Monkton, Vermont, enlisted on August 7, 1862, as a private, and was mustered into Co. B, 11th Vermont Volunteers. The regiment was later changed to heavy artillery, becoming the 1st Vermont Heavy Artillery. He was mustered out of the service on June 29, 1865.
The 11th Vermont Volunteers were originally organized in the summer of 1862, as an infantry regiment. They were assigned to duty in the defenses of Washington, and mainly employed in constructing and garrisoning the 3 well known fortifications; Fort Slocum, Fort Stevens, and Fort Totten. The 11th Vermont Regiment became noted for its high proficiency in drill and discipline. They were later changed from infantry to heavy artillery by order of the War Department, and were outfitted with red chevrons and shoulder straps of the artillery branch of service, and added an artillery flag to its colors, with crossed cannons on a yellow field. Their enlargement to the heavy artillery standard was then authorized. Further recruiting took place giving them twelve companies, called batteries, each with 150 men, 3 Majors, and 4 Lieutenants to each battery.
The 1st Vermont Heavy Artillery saw action at Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, the Weldon Railroad, Fort Stevens, D.C., Charles Town, W.V., Opequan, Fisher's Hill and Cedar Creek.
This hard fought Union heavy artillery regiment suffered tremendous casualties during the Civil War, all during a 2 year period.
Casualties of the 1st Vermont Heavy Artillery, 1864-1865
Spotsylvania, Va.: 24 wounded
Cold Harbor, Va.: 24 killed, 159 wounded
Petersburg, Va.: 7 killed, 72 wounded
Weldon Railroad, Va.: 9 killed, 28 wounded, 266 captured
Charles Town, W.V.: 5 killed, 25 wounded
Opequan, Va.: 7 killed, 81 wounded
Cedar Creek, Va.: 15 killed, 77 wounded, 20 captured